An acoustic guitar has a very unique sound as the sound is produced when the strings of the guitar move energy into the air with the help of an acoustic sound board, and it produces the most beautiful musical sound. The acoustic guitar gets its unique sound as the sound travels through the body of the guitar and the soundboard adds something extra to the tone that it produces. The soundboard is also responsible for the volume of the tone coming from the guitar as this guitar is played without the use of an amplifier.
The strings of an acoustic guitar is probably one of its most important components. The sound that the guitar makes when the string is plucked or strummed is created from the vibration of the strings. Different strings create harmonic sounds as they have various frequencies when they are plucked, based on their length and tension.
The guitar is a simple and beautiful instrument, but the one downside is that it relies on its strings to produce a beautiful tone. That’s why it is so important that the strings are in good condition and that you continuously make sure that your guitar is in tune, in order to avoid playing music that sounds off key. It’s important that the strings have the right tension and don’t become too slack, and when they are strung properly you can begin to fine-tune your guitar very simply. There are a few methods you can use to tune your guitar, so find one that you like and stick to it.
When you tune your acoustic guitar, you’ll be working with the strings. You’ll start with the E string which is your thickest string and work your way down through the A, D, G, and B strings and finally finishing with the thinnest E string. Essentially you’ll be tuning your guitar from high to low.
It can be very frustrating when you’re working on tuning your guitar and you finally get the right sound that you’re looking for on the one string, and when you move onto the next string you accidentally try to tune it with the first strings tuning peg. It happens to the best of us, but it just gives you double work. So when you’re tuning your guitar, make sure you use the right tuning peg that corresponds to the right string.
Finding the right pitch for each string is an art, but you could use the assistance of an electric tuner. Start by plucking the string that you are trying to tune. Essentially you’ll be wanting to match this pitch to the pitch on the electric tuner, through adjusting the tuning peg and either loosening or tightening your guitar string. Repeat this on each string until you have found the matching pitch.
It’s important to make sure that your guitar is tuned well. Sometimes it’s hard to find the perfect sound, in which case you need to make sure that each guitar string is tuned well in accordance with each other, in order to make sure that the overall sound that the guitar produces sounds great. For example you’ll want the final fret of each string to match the sound of the next string. So you’ll want to make sure your 5th string, 4th fret matches your 4th string in order to make sure your guitar strings are tuned relative to each other.
With an acoustic guitar, you should make sure to check your sound intervals created by the strings and wooden frame. Adjust your string slowly until each interval matches in order to produce the right sound. When you string your guitar with new strings, they are extremely tight. Over time the strings become more flexible as they stretch. Having tight strings on your guitar makes your guitar become out of tune very quickly. That’s why it’s important when you put knew strings on, you should string your guitar, tune it, then play for 20 minutes and then tune it again. If you do this a few times, you’ll quickly reach the right tune that you’re looking for, and it will stay there.
If you have a good ear for it, then you can simply listen to the tone of your guitar and adjust your tuning pegs accordingly in order to get the right sound. However, for most of us, it’s much easier to use an electronic guitar tuner that helps us find the right pitch for each string by listening to the tone it makes when plucked and showing you visually how far off pitch you are, so that you are clear on which way to turn your tuning pegs. You’ll be wanting to tune in the upwards directions from flat to sharp instead of the opposite direction, since the acoustic guitar is more likely to become out of tune in the downward direction.
Using new strings and “breaking them in” is a great way to keep your guitar in tune. Older strings are very flexible and can fall out of tune quite easily, where as newer strings, once initially tuned have more bounce to allow them to keep their tone.
If you play other instruments as well as the guitar, you could use them to help you find the right pitch. For example by playing the same note on your piano, you can then listen carefully and try to match the tone of your guitar string to it. This is a really fun way to tune your guitar, especially for someone with a trained ear.
With almost everything available online these days, of course finding an online guitar tuner is an option. There are so many platforms to choose from, but if you just want to give it a shot and see how it goes, try using the ones that don’t cost.
Tuning your acoustic guitar can be done very methodically, but it can also be a very individual thing, based on the type of sound that you are trying to reach. Be clear on what sound you want to generate and start tuning it from there. Trust me, you won’t be disappointed.